Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition characterized by extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression). These mood swings can affect sleep, energy levels, behavior, judgment, and the ability to think clearly. Episodes of mood swings may occur rarely or multiple times a year, and they can vary in severity.

Types of Bipolar Disorder:

Bipolar I Disorder: This type is defined by manic episodes that last at least 7 days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe that immediate hospital care is needed. Depressive episodes occur as well, typically lasting at least 2 weeks.

Bipolar II Disorder: Defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but not the full-blown manic episodes that are typical of Bipolar I Disorder.

Cyclothymic Disorder: Also called cyclothymia, this type involves periods of hypomanic symptoms as well as periods of depressive symptoms lasting for at least 2 years (1 year in children and adolescents); however, the symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a hypomanic episode and a depressive episode.


Manic phase symptoms may include high energy, reduced need for sleep, loss of touch with reality, and hyperactivity.

Depressive phase symptoms may include low energy, low motivation, loss of interest in daily activities, and significant sadness.

Causes and Risk Factors:

The exact cause of bipolar disorder is not entirely understood, but a combination of genetics, environment, and altered brain structure and chemistry may play a role. Risk factors include a family history of bipolar disorder or other psychiatric conditions, high stress, and traumatic events or major life changes. Understanding and managing bipolar disorder is crucial for improving life quality, maintaining relationships, and achieving personal goals.

Emergency Plans: Please call 911 for any emergency or reach out to the closest hospital in case of emergency.

Regular Check-Ins: Maintain regular appointments with the Mental Health Group as recommended. Consistent communication is essential for effective treatment. Feel free to reach out to your treatment.